Haemorrhoids, (also commonly known as piles) affect more then 50% of people at some point in their lives. They are lumps that form inside or around the anus (bottom). These lumps often get better on its own after a few days, but can sometimes bleed and cause pain and discomfort when they appear.
Haemorrhoids (piles) are swollen blood vessels that occur with no clear cause.
Haemorrhoids can be passed on genetically from parent to child, so if your parents had haemorrhoids, you’re more likely to get them.
Consistent heavy lifting, being obese, or having other constant strain on your body can increase your risk of haemorrhoids.
Standing too much without taking a break to sit can cause haemorrhoids to develop.
Consistent anal sexual intercourse and diarrhoea can also increase your risk of haemorrhoids.
You’re also more likely to develop haemorrhoids if you’re pregnant.
When the uterus enlarges, it presses on the vein in the colon, causing it to bulge.
Symptoms of piles include:
How you can treat or prevent piles:
Haemorrhoids can't always be prevented, but avoiding constipation and ensuring stools are soft and regular can significantly minimise the risk.
Follow these simple steps:
If there is no improvement to your piles after home treatments, you may require hospital treatment. There are a number of ways haemorrhoids can be treated in hospital, including rubber band ligation. This is a type of haemorrhoid banding whereby a band is placed around the piles to make them drop off. Other hospital treatment options include electrotherapy (when a gentle electric current is applied to make the haemorrhoids shrink), as well as sclerotherapy (when a liquid is applied to make the haemorrhoids shrink).
There are a variety of surgical treatments available for haemorrhoid removal, such as a haemorrhoidectomy whereby they are cut out. Other options include a stapled haemorrhoidopexy (when they are stapled back inside the anus) and haemorrhoidal artery ligation (when stitches are used to stop the blood supply to the affected area, causing the haemorrhoids to shrink).
Haemorrhoids surgery usually requires general anaesthetic, and you may find that you’re required to remain in hospital for more than one day.
To help medical professionals assess the severity of an individual’s haemorrhoids, there is a unique grading system which is often referred to. This haemorrhoid grading system runs from 1 to 4.
For those patients that fall under grade 1, the haemorrhoid protrudes into the anal canal but does not prolapse outside the anus. This is also known as a 1st degree haemorrhoid. Since grade 1 haemorrhoids are internal, a doctor would most likely recommend treatment such as adding fibre to your diet or trying a hemorrhoid cream or ointment to reduce inflammation, swelling and itching.
Meanwhile, grade 2 refers to a haemorrhoid which protrudes through the anus during straining or evacuation but returns of its own accord. In this scenario, it’s likely a doctor would recommend grade 1 type treatments at first, moving onto a painless haemorrhoid treatment if needed, such as rubber band ligation.
Grade 3 refers to a haemorrhoid that protrudes through the anus during straining or evacuation but needs to be manually returned to position, while grade 4 refers to a haemorrhoid that remains externally prolapsed outside of the anus. For these haemorrhoid grades, a doctor may recommend further treatment, such as a stapling procedure or haemorrhoidal artery ligation.
If you are experiencing symptoms of haemorrhoids, Access Doctor offers a wide choice of topical treatments that can help. All of the haemorrhoid cream and ointments that we offer are effective in reducing and relieving the most common symptoms associated with this condition.
Each ointment cream for haemorrhoids that we offer aims to reduce swelling, soothe irritation and help speed up the healing process. All of our products, which include Evra, Scheriproct and Uniroid HC, have been approved by our qualified, UK based doctors and are available for you to buy today.
Our friendly team is available to help Monday to Friday 9:00am - 5:00pm.
If you need urgent assistance, do not use this service. Call 111, or in an emergency call 999.