A common infection that affects the urinary bladder, Cystitis is part of the broader category of infections affecting the urinary tract and is often referred to as a urinary tract infection (UTI).
UTI’s will affect most women at least once during their lifetime. It is more common in females because they have shorter urethras compared to males. Furthermore, the uretha in females is located closer to the anus which means gut bacteria can migrate more easily into the female urinary bladder.
Some important points:
Often cystitis is mild lasting a few days and the symptoms can resolve without antibiotic treatment. Persistent or troublesome symptoms will require antibiotics.
Cystitis in men
Is uncommon, it is recommended that you visit your own doctor in such cases as there could be an underlying illness such as prostate enlargement and diabetes amongst others.
The most common bacteria causing infection of the urinary bladder (cystitis) is e.coli. They mostly are transferred from the anus (gut bacteria). Contributing factors and causes include:
Hygiene: The short female urethra and close proximity to the anus predisposes to bacterial transfer to the urinary passage.
Underwear: Tight undergarments can spread bacteria to the urinary passage.
Diabetes: High sugar in the urine allows bacteria to thrive within the bladder and urinary passage. .
Residual urine in bladder: Some people who cannot fully empty their bladder are more prone to infections to stagnant urine within the bladder.
Severe dehydration, lack of fluid passing through the kidneys and urinary tract means the bladder is not emptied regularly, stagnant urine predisposes to infection.
Tampon users have been reported to have a higher rate of urinary infections.
There are usually a typical set of symptoms that help make the diagnosis of cystitis.
Not all cases of cystitis even if bacterial in nature require treatment. Most people have mild symptoms ad recover in a few days.
If the symptoms are persistent or troublesome it may be beneficial for you to start a course of antibiotics.
Trimethoprim is a highly effective antibiotic for the treatment of cystitis. Antibiotics are particularly useful in treating troublesome symptoms and to hasten recovery.
Adequate or even slightly excess hydration (with water) will keep your kidneys functioning optimally. They will produce plenty of urine which can help to flush out any infection.
A few practical points to help you deal with cystitis and reduce its recurrence:
There are two main reasons for this:
Access Doctor can offer antibacterial treatment for urinary tract infections.
Start your online consultation now and one of our doctors will instantly assess your suitability. We offer next day delivery so you can start your treatment as soon as possible.
The symptoms should improve within one day, and sometimes even within a few hours of treatment. Following the burning sensation and urgency to pass urine, you may also have a few days of irritation and the feeling that you need to pass urine.
To ease discomfort, you can purchase painkillers from a chemist, such as paracetamol or ibuprofen.
Most cases can be treated with either nitrofurantoin or trimethoprim right away, without sending a urine sample to determine what bacteria are present. If the treatment was intended to work, it would work quickly.
If you do not feel better after 48 hours of starting treatment, it is worth talking to your own doctor or GP about your situation. It is possible that the bacteria causing your infection are resistant to nitrofurantoin or trimethoprim. In order to determine whether there is a bacterial cause, a urine sample should be sent to a local lab for microscope examination and culture. Antibiotics will be prescribed if necessary.
This type of test is performed in cases where treatment has not been effective. Due to the fact that results can take 1-3 days from the time the sample is received, a different antibiotic may be prescribed by your doctor, such as pivmecillinam, cefalexin, or fosfomycin.
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Antibiotics not only kill the bacteria on which they are prescribed, but they also destroy 'healthy' bacteria as well. It is common for diarrhoea and abdominal cramps to result from bacteria in the gut becoming out of balance.
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