By Dr Abdishakur Ali (G.P)
Hormone replacement therapy (HRT) helps to create a balance between progesterone and oestrogen levels during menopause. Oestrogen and progesterone are hormones produced by glands in your body. They are responsible for the development of sexual functions in humans.
Your doctor may recommend hormone replacement therapy for several reasons. These include relief from hot flashes, sweating, and other menopause symptoms. Hormone replacement therapy also reduces the risk of osteoporosis.
Some therapies contain oestrogen and progesterone. Other forms of therapy contain just oestrogen. Others may contain only testosterone, e.g. levonorgestrel, norethisterone, medroxyprogesterone, and dydrogesterone.
This article discusses the types of hormone replacement therapy, as well as their types, uses, and risks.
Hormone replacement therapy can address several health issues. The combination of hormones and the dosage depends on why you need the therapy.
Menopause isn’t an illness. It is just a transition between two phases of a woman’s life – from her reproductive years to the next phase.
Many people experience menopause without requiring treatment. However, if your menopause causes distracting or troubling symptoms, then there are many ways in which you can be treated.
Women may experience the following symptoms during menopause:
With hormone replacement therapy, you can manage the symptoms.
Also, studies have shown that hormone replacement therapy can help with:
However, there’s a need for more research to be able to confirm these benefits.
Hormone replacement therapy is approved for the treatment and prevention of osteoporosis in women.
Estrogen reduces the risk of fractures in women, but it could also put them at risk of other health issues such as heart disease, stroke, and breast cancer.
There are four types of hormone replacement therapy for osteoporosis namely:
Hormone therapy was always used during menopause in the past. However, it may not be suitable or safe for everyone.
Currently, hormone replacement therapy is safe:
But then, the individual’s health should be a top priority.
This form of treatment is not suitable for some groups of people. These include people who have had:
Pregnant women should avoid it as well.
Yes! Hormone replacement therapy can indeed manage menopause symptoms. However, it can have some side effects. These include:
The side effects do not last long. They disappear after a couple of weeks. If you have any side effects, then let your doctor know. They will either adjust the dosage or give you an alternative.
According to the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence, hormone replacement therapy is effective for treating several menopausal symptoms and osteoporosis as well. Your GP can try treatment for three months to see if it helps. If it doesn’t, they may change your dose or the type of hormone replacement therapy you’re taking.
Hormone replacement therapy can be delivered in several ways. There are also different combinations of hormones.
The common types of hormone replacement therapy include:
Your doctor will prescribe the lowest dose that can address your symptoms.
The therapy can be delivered in many ways including:
When the treatment is no longer needed, your doctor will draw a plan for stopping. Of course, this will be a gradual process.
AccessDoctor offers a wide range of hormone replacement therapy options. You’re just a call or email away from getting the best care. Our UK-trained doctors will guide you to select your treatment of choice.
Our therapy options include:
Hormone replacement therapy helps with a wide range of health issues. A combination of certain hormones can relieve you of some menopause symptoms.
It is however important to note that hormone replacement therapy isn’t suitable for everyone. Your doctor can describe the potential benefits as well as the health risks in detail and also guide you on the right decision to make.
AccessDoctor has UK-trained doctors who will guide you on how to take this therapy. Also, our service is 100% confidential.